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Disc Bulge Treatment

85% of the population will experience an episode of back pain at some stage of their lives, whether it be from injury, degeneration or postural factors.

We can help you treat and manage lower back conditions that include;

Disc Bulges

The intervertebral discs separate and cushion the vertebrae of the spine. Discs have a role in shock absorption and stabilisation as well as allowing movement. Discs are comprised of two parts; annulus fibrosis (the elastic outer layer) and the nucleus pulposis (soft, jelly-like contents).

Specific types of pressure and repeated strain can cause a disc bulge. A disc bulge may also be referred to as a ‘ruptured disc’, ‘herniated disc’ or a ‘prolapsed disc’. Disc bulges occur when the outer layer of the disc is damaged and the contents are pushed outwards.


Symptoms of Disc Bulges

The symptoms vary depending on location as well as severity. It is not uncommon to have a bulged disc, as shown by a scan, however no symptoms. Symptoms may include;

  • Back pain

  • Radiated pain into the leg

  • Numbness or pins and needles into the leg

  • Weakness in the leg and foot

  • Pain worse with coughing and sneezing

  • Pain worse with bending or sitting for extended periods.


    Factors that may make you more susceptible to disc bulges can include the following however disc bulges may arise without any of the following precursors.

  • Incorrect lifting techniques

  • Poor posture

  • Obesity

  • Repeated strain through low back

  • Male and aged 30-50

  • Lack of regular exercise

  • Poor muscle tone

  • Cigarette smoking


Self-Care for Disc Bulges

Suggestions for managing disc bulges include;

  • Relative rest in the correct alignment, resting in provocative positions such as sitting can worsen the condition
  • Over-the-counter pain-relieving medication
  • Ice packs or warm packs
  • Upright posture
  • Resting the back by not bending, twisting or lifting heavy weights
  • Warm baths
  • Sleeping on a mattress that is not too soft or too hard
  • Ergonomic furniture, such as chairs with lumbar support
  • Gentle exercises to strengthen and support the lower back
  • Gentle walking program as pain permits


Types of Treatment for Disc Bulges

Disc bulges require medical attention. Different treatment options for disc bulges include;

  • Physiotherapy

  • Medication including pain relief and anti-inflammatories

  • Epidural steroid injections into the disc region

  • Manipulative therapies

  • Surgery as a last resort in severe cases.


Surgery for Disc Bulges

A microdiscectomy or discectomy is conducted under a general anaesthetic and generally requires a hospital stay of one or more nights. The surgeon removes the protruding portion of the disc and it is not necessary to replace the removed tissue.  It may be necessary for the surgeon to remove portions of bone or ligaments in order to access the disc without disrupting surrounding neural tissue, this is called a laminectomy.

Where to get help

  • GP

  • Physiotherapist

  • Osteopathic or Chiropractor

  • Acupuncturist

  • Spinal


Our clinic uses a complete approach to back care management of disc bulges and other spinal disorders

  •  We do a full assessment to diagnose the most likely structure causing the problem

  •  We developing a holistic management program addressing all aspects that are limiting a person’s recovery including but not limited to

    •      Office ergonomics

    •      Incorrect movement patterns

    •      Malalignment of spine and correcting the causes such as poor spinal stability, tight/stiff structures etc.

    •      Incorrect exercise or training programs

    •      Poor weekly routine for spinal health



        Other spinal conditions we commonly treat include  

  • Muscle strains

  • Sciatica

  • Joint degeneration

  • Reduced core stability

    We have extensive experience working closely with spinal specialists at Lingard Private Hospital for over 10 years.

    We understand the lower back, how to best reduce your pain and manage lower back pain long term.